There has been rapid development in the field of AI (Artificial Intelligence) in the last few years. Along with this, many such wonderful machines have been made, which are capable of thinking and making decisions just like humans. But the question is, is this Artificial Intelligence? And how does it work? Also what is its use in our daily life? And what is its future? Can AI technology become a threat to us in the future? Let us know in detail.
AI (Artificial Intelligence)
We use many machines from waking up in the morning to going to sleep at night. Such as Smartphone, Computer, Printer, Laptop, TV, Fan, Cooler, Freeze, AC, Geyser and what not. But most machines require human help. That is, they have to operate. That is why we need such machines, which can work without human help.
However, we have made many automatic machines in this direction. But most machines are limited to On/Off only. That is, they cannot do the level of work that they should do. For this they still need human help. In such a situation, Artificial Intelligence is needed to make the machines fully automatic.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence is one such branch of computer science. Within which the ability to think, understand and make decisions is developed in machines. That is, machines are made intelligent. So that they can make informed decisions like humans. And can work without human help.
In simple language, Artificial Intelligence is the ‘brain’ of machines. With the help of which they can make informed decisions. And can work independently without any help. That is, the way humans find a solution to any problem with the help of their brain. Similarly, with the help of AI, machines can also solve their own problems.
Artificial Intelligence is called ‘Artificial Intelligence‘ in Hindi. Which means man-made understanding, or man-made intelligence. It is also called machine intelligence or machine mind. With its help, machines are made intelligent and intelligent. so that they can work automatically. and reduce their dependence on humans.
Discovery of Artificial Intelligence
The world was first told about Artificial Intelligence by John McCarthy. That is why he is called the Father of Artificial Intelligence. John McCarthy was an American computer scientist and researcher. In 1956 he attended a workshop at Dartmouth College. And gave detailed information about Artificial Intelligence.
According to John McCarthy, Artificial Intelligence is a high degree of computer science. With the help of which intelligence can be developed in machines. That is, such Robots and Computer Programs can be made. Which work on the principle of human brain. And use the same logic as the human mind.
Types of Artificial Intelligence
Well, there are many types of artificial intelligence. But mainly it is divided into 4 types Types of AI (Artificial Intelligence)
- Purely Reactive
- Limited Memory
- Brain Theory
- Self Conscious
1. Purely Reactive AI
It is completely reactive. That is, reacts in response to action. For example, take the Deep Blue Chess Program. It was a chess program developed by IBM, which defeated Garry Casparov in the 1990s. While it had no memory. That is, it was not able to remember its previous move. But still it defeated such a great Grandmaster of Chess.
Basically Deep Blue only reacted in response to action. That is, understanding his opponent’s move, he used to respond to it. But Deep Blue’s move was so perfect that even the biggest grandmaster would be stunned to see him. And to be honest, this is the real power of AI.
2. Limited Memory AI
Such machines are kept in this category, which have little memory. For example, take Self Driving Cars only. They can remember their past experiences. And can use them in future. Such as brake in case of emergency. Or walk carefully in crowded areas etc.
However, such machines do not store the data for a long time. Because memory is less. That’s why remembers only recent experiences. But if needed, they can delete their old data. And can store new data.
3. Brain Theory AI
It is currently a Hypothetical Concept. Which is based on the principle of the human brain. It uses the logic that the human brain uses to understand and process information. That is, it is capable of thinking, understanding and processing information like a human brain.
But so far no such machine has been made, which works on this principle. Actually Brain Theory AI is just a concept. There is still work to be done on this. However, it has been successful to some extent. But it is not so easy to copy the human brain completely. This is a very complicated job.
4. Self Conscious AI
It is also called Self Awareness AI. Such machines come under this, which can not only think like humans. Rather, one can feel happiness and sorrow, happiness and sorrow, jealousy and jealousy etc. That is, like humans, they can understand the state of mind of others. And can you find out what the other person is thinking?
However, no such machine has been made yet, which has its own Consciousness. But work in this direction has been going on for years. And efforts are on to make such machines, which are Self Conscious. But so far no success has been achieved in this. If such a machine is made, then we can be successful in solving the mystery of life.
Applications of Artificial Intelligence
With the help of artificial intelligence, it has become much easier to remove complexities and explore new possibilities. Today AI is being used everywhere from education to manufacturing and from share market to space. Also, it is being used extensively in our daily life. Let’s take a look at the major applications of Artificial Intelligence.
- Computer Games
- Machine Vision
- Speech Recognition
- Natural Language Processing
- Expert Systems
- Machine Learning
- Intelligent Robots
These are some of the major applications in which Artificial Intelligence is used. But the question is, is there any use of AI in our daily life as well? If yes, how? Where is Artificial Intelligence used? Let us know in detail.
Use of Artificial Intelligence
If you think that Artificial Intelligence is used only in Robotics. So you are wrong. Because today there is no such area where Artificial Intelligence is not used. Let us see some examples.
1. Education System
AI is widely used in the field of education. From Online Exams to Automated Grading System, Artificial Intelligence is used. But it is not enough. Because not all children in the same class are the same. Some are very intelligent and some are average.
In such a situation, every student should get education according to his level. But there is no such system in our current education system. That is why nowadays emphasis is given on online education. Because in this Smart and Personalized Content is made available with the help of AI. Also, students get many options for clearing doubts and self-evaluation. Apart from this, Tutors also benefit a lot from this.
2. Healthcare Sector
Nowadays such machines have come, which can detect diseases by looking inside the human body. and find their cure. Also Complicated Surgeries can be carried out. And can save the life of a dying person. In simple language, AI is no less than a boon for the healthcare sector.
A new revolution has come in the healthcare sector due to AI. Today surgery is done with the help of robots. Incurable diseases are treated by sending small robots inside the body. Life-saving drugs and vaccines are tested. Overall, Artificial Intelligence is proving to be a boon for the medical world.
3. Finance Sector
There are reports and analysis from around the world in the financial sector. In which a lot of time is spent. That is why AI is used in data analysis and preparing Personalized Reports. AI is needed the most, especially in Automation and Predictive Analysis.
Big financial institutions and banks use AI to make their work easier. Also use Chatbots to fill forms, open a new account, answer questions and get feedback from customers. Which work with the help of AI. Apart from this, AI is also used a lot in Financial Softwares and Tools.
The construction industry requires maximum labor and time. That is why AI is used extensively in this area. This not only saves time, labor and energy. But it also saves a lot of money. That is why nowadays most of the work in the manufacturing industry is done by machines. And each machine does the work of thousands of people.
Although machines were used even earlier. But most of the machines had to be operated manually. That is why human labor was needed. But nowadays almost machines have become automatic, which work automatically. And gives more production in less time.
AI is also used extensively in Surveillance Systems. Enemies are monitored through video cameras. And through computer programs, the difference between humans, animals and things is known. Also, the enemy is detected by analyzing audio samples and pictures.
Machine Vision is used to identify the enemy. Machine vision is an advanced technology, with the help of which the length, width, speed, shape and movement of an object are detected. It is a set of algorithms and mathematical procedures. Which can accurately identify the observed object. In Hindi it is called ‘machine vision’. It is most commonly used in Satellites and Surveillance Systems.
6. Space Exploration
The work of Space Exploration is the most difficult and challenging task. That is why AI has a big contribution in this. I would like to tell you that the complete control of Space Missions is automatic. And the instruments that are sent into space to do the search, they do their work on their own. In such a situation, the work of Space Exploration without AI is almost impossible.
7. Daily Life
Now AI is being used in everyday tasks as well. Most of the home appliances are now smarter and more automatic than ever. From LED Bulb to TV and from AC to Refrigerator, everything has started working with the help of AI. Amazon Alexa and Google Voice Assistant have become an integral part of our daily lives.
Home security is now in the hands of AI. There was not the slightest movement that the whole locality gets to know. Because the alarm starts ringing. And now there are driver less cars which can take you safely to your destination. That is, neither the hassle of keeping a driver nor the tension of paying salary. Overall AI has become a part of our life.
Also Read: 5G and Its Influence on Internet of Things
Future of Artificial Intelligence
If we look at it today, then the future of Artificial Intelligence looks very bright. Because gradually we are becoming dependent on machines. And in the coming times, we will be completely dependent on machines for most of our daily tasks. That is, without machines we will not be able to do any work.
On the other hand, machines will become so advanced and smart that they will no longer need to be commanded. That is, they will do everything themselves. With great care and responsibility. In such a situation, we will become even more lazy and like rest. Because the habit of working will be lost. And this is the moment that everyone fears.
Danger from Artificial Intelligence
There has been this apprehension about Artificial Intelligence from the beginning! That in future it can become a big danger for us. Because due to intelligent machines, those jobs will also be in crisis. For which highly educated and intelligent people are needed. Although computers have already eliminated lakhs of jobs. As a result, unemployment may increase.
The second fear is when the machines themselves will start making decisions. So they won’t listen to us. Rather, she will use her mind in every matter and do what she thinks is right. If we interrupt, they will refuse to work. And we have to bow down to them. Because without them we would not be able to do anything. That is why putting intellectual capacity in machines can prove to be harmful for us.
Also, what if the machines rebelled together? Many films have also been made on this subject. Robot movie was based on this subject. Although movies may be fictional, the power of AI is not fictional. Such a situation can come at any time. Machines can attack humans by forming their union. And can make the whole human race her slave.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) : Summary
Today artificial intelligence is proving to be very useful for us. Because with its help better results are getting in less time. At the same time, a lot of time, money and human labor is also being saved. But there is another aspect to it, which is quite worrying. Actually jobs are being lost because of machines. And unemployment is rising. Hope you know what is Artificial Intelligence through this article? What is its use in our daily life? What is the future of AI like? And how can it become a threat to us? Useful information will be found in this subject. if you liked this article.